|Eurex Clearing AG|
|Key People||Erik Tim Müller, CEO; Heike Eckert, Deputy CEO & COO|
Eurex Clearing is a central clearing counterparty (CCP) for derivatives transactions executed on the Eurex platform, as well as for equities, bonds, and repo transactions executed on other platforms. The company is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eurex Frankfurt AG, which is part of the Deutsche Boerse Group. Erik Müller became CEO of Eurex Clearing on July 1, 2016.
Starting in January 2016, Eurex trading and clearing were part of the newly created “Clients, Products & Core Markets” division headed by Jeffrey Tessler.
That division was dissolved when Tessler stepped down in 2018, becoming the chairman of the supervisory boards of Eurex Frankfurt and Eurex Clearing. Thomas Book served as CEO of Eurex Clearing until June 30, 2016, and was serving as CEO of Eurex Frankfurt when he was named to the executive board of Deutsche Boerse AG effective July 1, 2018.
Eurex Clearing was founded in 1998 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eurex Frankfurt AG, a holding company formed through the merger of Deutsche Terminbörse (DTB) and the Swiss Options and Financial Futures Exchange (Soffex).
On July 31, 2009, the CFTC recognized Eurex Clearing as a Multilateral Clearing Organization (MCO), enabling Eurex Clearing to offer its existing OTC facilities to the 75 Eurex members based in the U.S.
On May 16, 2011, Eurex Clearing applied for registration as a derivatives clearing organization (DCO) for the purpose of clearing swaps. At the request of Eurex Clearing AG, the 180-day review period was extended to December 31, 2014.
On April 10, 2014, Eurex Clearing was granted authorization from Germany's financial regulator BaFin as a central counterparty clearing organization (CCP) under the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR).
Trades executed on Eurex and other organized markets are instantaneously accepted and guaranteed by Eurex Clearing at the moment of execution. OTC markets may have different arrangements for trade acceptance. Eurex Clearing becomes the buyer to every clearing member seller and the seller to every clearing member buyer.
Products and Customers
Eurex Clearing acts as a CCP for trades matched on several entities in addition to Eurex itself, and its services are available to any entity that enters into a licensing agreement. As of January of 2008, Eurex Clearing provides central clearing for the following entities:
- Eurex Bonds GmbH
- Eurex Repo GmbH
- FWB Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (the Frankfurt Stock Exchange).
- Irish Stock Exchange (ISE)
|Clearing License||Cleared and Settled Products|
|Derivatives Clearing License||Fixed-Income Derivatives, Money Market Derivatives, Equity and Equity Index Derivatives, Exchange-Traded Funds Derivatives, Volatility Index Futures, Futures Leg of Basis Trades|
|Bonds Clearing License||German Government Bonds; German Jumbo Pfandbriefe; Issues of the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (Reconstruction Loan Corporation), the European Investment Bank, and the German States; Selected European government bonds, corporate bonds, and covered bonds; Securities leg of basis trades|
|Repo Clearing License||General Collateral snd Special Repo on: German government bonds, German Jumbo Pfandbriefe, Issues by the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau and German States, Austrian government bonds, Selected European corporate bonds and covered bonds|
|Equity Clearing License (Frankfurt Stock Exchange)||German and international shares that are traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange floor or via Xetra|
|Equity Clearing License (Irish Stock Exchange)||Irish Stock Exchange Xetry order book transactions in Irish shares and Irish exchange-traded funds (ETFs)|
Optimum Margin Calculation
Eurex Clearing AG’s risk-based margining encompasses the entire process of measuring, calculating and administering the margin required for open positions in order to cover any contractual risks that may arise. This provision of collateral guarantees that all open positions belonging to a clearing member can be closed and offset within a short period of time.
The margins required for deposit are reviewed for each member daily, since new positions may have been created during the trading day and existing positions closed out through offsetting transactions. The profits or losses arising from the day’s price fluctuations are either settled with cash (Variation Margin) or in the form of margin deposited with Eurex Clearing AG (Premium Margin).
Intraday Risk Calculations
Eurex Clearing AG also offers an intraday risk information service on the basis of its Risk-based Margining, upon request. This service facilitates virtually real-time calculation of the current market risk relating to open positions up to member level. Clearing members can use this to counter increased margin requirements using intra-day, risk-adequate collateral provision. Moreover, in the case of an anticipated adverse price movement within 24 hours, an Additional Margin is imposed. This margin is calculated separately according to whether proprietary trading or client positions are concerned (P and A accounts).
All products with the same risk potential are categorized in distinct margin classes. In turn, several margin classes with a similar risk structure may be grouped together in margin groups. In both the margin classes and margin groups, risks that offset each other are eliminated from the calculation (cross-margining), so that members are required to provide significantly less in collateral than if the products were valued separately. Thus, a liquidity-preserving margin is calculated for all product segments (for example bonds or futures and option products) for which Eurex Clearing AG acts as central counterparty.
Foreign Currency Settlement
In addition to the existing trading and settlement of products denominated in euro and Swiss Franc, additional trading products denominated in U.S. Dollar and British Pound are planned. Additional currencies can be included in the clearing system. Collateral may be deposited in the form of securities denominated in the trading and settlement currencies.
- Implementation of new leadership structure for Eurex trading and clearing business. Deutsche Boerse Group.
- Jeffrey Tessler elected as Eurex Frankfurt and Eurex Clearing Chairman. Deutsche Boerse.
- CFTC Recognizes Eurex Clearing. exchange-handbook.co.uk.
- DDerivatives Clearing Organizations. CFTC.
- DERIVATIVES: BaFin gives Eurex clearing approval. International Financing Review.
- Eurex Clearing receives U.S. regulatory approval. Deutsche Borse AG.
- Rule 1.2.2. Eurex Clearing.